Non communicable diseases (NCDs) also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person, long duration and generally slow progression. 

  • The leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths.
  • Kill more than 36 million people each year.
  • 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • More than 9 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur before the age of 60.
  • NCDs are not only a health problem but a development challenge as well.

Australia Institute of  Health & Welfare(AIHW) commonly reports on 8 major groups:

  • Arthritis,
  • Asthma,
  • Back pain,
  • Cancer,
  • Cardiovascular disease,
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
  • Diabetes and
  • Mental health condition.


Causes of chronic diseases

  • Polluted Environment
  • Unsafe Food,
  • Physical inactivity
  • Tobacco/drug
  • Genetics.